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Category: Health

CORONA VIRUS LATEST UPDATE. CAN RUSSIA DO UNTHINKABLE?

From the last few days. Russia is claiming that they are very close to making the COVID-19 vaccine. Russian health minister says the vaccine will available for the general public before it clear the third and last phase of the clinical trial according to the report.

*According to a Bloomberg report Kirill Dmitriev, the chief executive of the government-backed Russian direct investment fund (RDIF). Russia is testing two different types of adenovirus vectors to reduce the chances of pre-existing immunity reducing the vaccine’s effectiveness.

*Dmitriev said Russia could make 30 million does domestically in 2020 and 170 million in abroad.

*The first new vaccine to enter human trials for COVID-19 was developed by the US firm Moderna therapeutic. About 35 other companies working for COVID-19 vaccines.

HOW VACCINE CAN BE DEVELOPED?

1- Understanding of the virus.

In the past, Most studies of human viruses looked at how the virus altered or affected in a human cell or animal cell in a lap scientists first identify basic components in virus-like structure the formation of proteins and sugar on the surface of viruses or infected cells. Then they study deeply about these proteins. That can be used to produce an immune response.

2-VACCINE CANDIDATES.

This process may include isolating the live virus. before inactivating or weakening it and then determining wheater this modified virus, which is known as vaccine candidate might produce immunity in people.

sometimes the live virus is not part of the process. Instead, its genetic sequences are used to make the vaccine.

3- PRE-CLINICAL TESTING.

For safety, purpose testing usually carried out in animals to give an idea of responses in humans. After that infected animal is on the surveillance of the scientists that allows researchers.That how the vaccine is working on the living body.

4-CLINICAL TRIAL TESTING IN HUMAN.

*After the successful trial of the vaccine in the animal.The trial begins with humans.

*Testing on a few dozen healthy volunteers, looking at how safe the vaccine is, and if it has any adverse effects.

*Testing on several hundred people for efficiency( target population who are ideally those at risk of the disease.)

*Testing on several thousand people for efficiency and safety.

*Trough these phases the vaccine needs to show it’s safe leads to a strong immune response.

REGULATORY APPROVALS.

*After all these trial all the legal procedure has to be done by following all the protocol.

*Then after the production of any vaccine can start.

HEART ATTACK AND STROKE

Hi, my name is Mayank kharkwal, know I will talk a little bit today about our heart health. The heart attack is the death of a segment of a heart muscle caused by a lack of blood supply. We know that heart is a very important part of our body. But know a day’s health problem is increasing very rapidly many of the patients who die from a heart attack or stroke don’t have any symptoms. Millions of people above 40 years have heart disease and they don’t even know it.


FACTS

*IF you suffer cardiac arrest outside the hospital your chance of surviving is 7% only.

*The risk of heart attack increase for men after 45 and women after 55.

Treatment

*Sometimes patients stop breathing. In this case, cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR should be started immediately.

*Contact the nearest hospital losing no time.

*Laid down the patient in a comfortable way.

Heart attack symptoms

Most heart attacks involve discomfort in the center of your chest and last more than a few minutes or that goes away and comeback. It can feel like uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, or pain.

*Discomfort in other areas of the upper body.

*Symptoms can include pain or discomfort in both arms, the back, neck, jaw, or stomach.

*Shortness of breath.

Other signs

*May include breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea or lightheadedness.

Stroke symptoms

*Face drooping.

*Does one side of the face droop or is it numb? Ask to smile.

*Arm weakness.

*Is one arm weak or numb? Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?

*Speech difficulty.

*Is speech slurred, are they unable to speak or are they hard to understand? Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence. for example, I like cats.

Use smartwatches

*Know a day there are many types of smartwatches in the market. Use one of them to monitor your heartbeat. Watches like apple are know coming with ECG monitor. This function is beneficial for heart patients.

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